African Religions and Beliefs. Unlike Western mythology, African myths are not recounted as a single narrative story, nor is there any established corpus of myth. Men, gender equality and the search for gender harmony, #NairobiNiMimi Series: The story of Charles Githinji. Although Africans who still wholly practice African indigenous religions are only about 10 percent of the African population, there are many professed Christians and Muslims who participate in one form of indigenous religious rituals and practices or another (see syncretism). 4. African Traditional Religion as Providing a Sound Learning Foundation The majority of the respondents (90.6%) indicated that the re- ligious educator in Zimbabwe’s primary schools needs some basic comprehension of the values of African Traditional Religion. “African spirituality simply acknowledges that beliefs and practices touch on and inform every facet of human life, and therefore African religion cannot be separated from the everyday or mundane.”  Jacob Olupona, professor of indigenous African religions at Harvard Divinity School. Mudimbe's Theories on Missionary Discourse in Africa]. Due to the pluralistic nature of African-traditional religions, African spirituality has always been able to adapt to change and allow itself to absorb the wisdom and views of other religions. They play an important role in designing and implementing health systems involving traditional medicines and spirit possession. Tracing African Roots IN African religion, women encourage hard work and industrialisation for sustainable development. “African spirituality simply acknowledges that beliefs and practices touch on and inform every facet of human life, and therefore African religion cannot be separated from the everyday or mundane.”, The essence of indigenous African religions and the reason for its accommodating nature is that. take more objective view, seeing some value in social functions of African religions • 3. The traditional African understanding and the interpretation of Christianity have deep roots in these fundamental beliefs of the African traditional religions. It deals with their cosmology, ritual practices, symbols, arts, society and so on.because religion is a way of life, it relates to culture and society as they affect the worldview of the African people. Indigenous African religions are by nature plural, varied, and usually informed by one’s ethnic identity i.e. The best interpreter of African Religion is the African with a disciplined mind and the requisite technical tools. African Religions and Beliefs. Religions are basically meant to help people in their tribulations but religious pluralism in Africa has brought conflict, tension and confusion in families and communities. Zimbabwe is the land of our forefathers and that land was passed to us by the forefathers. It deals with their cosmology, ritual practices, symbols, arts, society, and so on. Since it is a religion practised by living persons today, changes are to be expected. African Traditional Religion is a thriving scholarly business, but a serious disconnect exists between contributions that celebrate a generalized African Traditional Religion and those that describe particular religions and aspects of religion on the basis of ethnographic and archival research. This left the African people with the idea that God could not handle the hostile spirits that attacked people on a daily basis. The continued influence of traditional African religion is also evident in some aspects of daily life. Native African historians and scholars, from mid-20th c. By this label serious damage was done to the gospel in Africa. The amount of devotees to indigenous practices had dwindled as Islam and Christianity have both spread and gained influence throughout the continent. Mbiti (1969, p. 211) says that in Many Africans across the continent are becoming more open about the idea of blending of traditional African religious practices with various other religions, including Christianity and Islam. While some religions adopted a pantheistic worldview, most follow a polytheistic system with various gods, spirits and other supernatural beings. These figures represent peo-ple who primarily follow African traditional religion; however, . In the African traditional religions, ancestors were never considered demonic or as part of evil spirits (2007;383). There is neither paradise to be hoped for nor hell to be feared in the hereafter" (Mbiti 1969, pp. Differences between African Traditional Religion and Christianity. The most important thing is that in the new South Africa religion and spirituality are used to create greater understanding and harmony rather than to divide people as was done in the past. It involves the joining of families and a lot of traditions. Some African myths say that the number of souls and bodies is limited. This allows it to more easily be amended and influenced by other religious ideas, religious wisdom, and by modern development. Traditional African religions also have elements of fetishism, shamanism and veneration of relics. A traditional African practitioner would have no need to ascribe to any one “religion” in that there would no conflict in his mind between his traditional African spirituality and another faith for they would not be mutually exclusive. It is important for Africans to discover which ancestor is reborn in a child, for this is a reason for deep thankfulness. For example, in 14 of the 19 countries surveyed, more than three-in-ten people say they sometimes consult traditional healers when someone in their household is sick. Importance of Religious Parallels and Commonalities • The similarities and parallels between ancient Egyptian religion, and traditional African religions suggest they derive from a common African “family” of certain religious ideas and practices • These include: single supreme creator god, many lesser gods, The Place of African Traditional Religion in Interreligious Encounters in Sierra Leone since the Advent of Islam and Christianity is my own work and that all the sources that I have used or quoted have been indicated and acknowledged by means of complete references. Religion in Africa. Tutu (1985:160) recognises that pre-Christian Africans were receptive to the Christian gospel because the biblical message resonated with aspects of their own world view, some African religious leaders include the sacred kings and chiefs who often serve as both spiritual and community leaders. Evil concerns any misfortune that befell an individual or community or any voluntary anti social behavior or any infringement of the decrees of God, the deities or ancestors. Because religion is a way of life, it relates to culture and society as they affect the worldview of the African people. . Traditional African Religion • 1. Over the years African traditional religions have increased and diminished in regional importance according to social and political changes. . ThE AfRiCAn ConTinEnT To understand African religion, it helps to look at Africa itself. Due to the pluralistic nature of African-traditional religions, African spirituality has always been able to adapt to change and allow itself to absorb the wisdom and views of other religions. 2. Religion in Africa. IMPLICATION FOR COUNSELLING. This is a 3-hour summary lecture on the basic components of African Traditional Religions. Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, and the Ivory Coast—African religion is the majority religion. Ancestral spirits occupy a central and important position in the African traditional religion. The traditional religions of Africa are human in the deepest sense, because they focus on people and their everyday problems. It deals with their cosmology, ritual practices, symbols, arts, society, and so on. ADVERT SPACE !! This testifies to the enduring power of indigenous religion and its ability to domesticate Christianity and Islam in modern Africa. ENGLISH AND LINGUISTIC PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), perspectives english and linguistic project, scholars perspectives english and linguistic, THE RELEVANCE OF AFRICAN TRADITIONAL RELIGION IN THIS MODERN AGE: SCHOLARS PERSPECTIVES (ENGLISH AND LINGUISTIC PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS), THE IMPACTS OF DA’AWAH IN IDP CAMPS: THE CASE OF FCT ABUJA, SOCIOLINGUISTIC SITUATION OF NIGERIA: THE BILINGUAL CONDITIONS AMONG NIGERIAN SPEAKERS OF ENGLISH, AN ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF LAND TITLE REGISTRATION ON PROPERTY VALUES IN OGUN STATE A CASE STUDY OF IJEBU ODE, THE CHALLENGE AND PROSPECTS OF TEACHING ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL: CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOL IN SOKOTO METROPOLIS, SCHOOL FACTORS AFFECTING TEACHING AND LEARNING ENGLISH LANGUAGE AT PRIMARY AT PRIMARY LEVEL A CASE STUDY OF MALUMFASHI LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF KATSINA STATE, ASSESSMENT OF AVAILABILITY AND UTILIZATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN WAMAKKO LOCAL GOVERNMENT PRIMARY SCHOOLS, SOCIO – ECONOMIC STATUS AND CHILDREN’S EDUCATIONAL LIFE CHANCES: A STUDY OF PEASANT FARMERS IN BASAWA AND BOMO DISTRICTS OF KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA, RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SELF-CONCEPT AND MOTIVATION FOR OCCUPATIONAL PREFERENCE. African Traditional Religion has grown out of the African soil. Marriage in Africa entails much more. Africa is the second largest continent on Earth. African traditional religion refers to the indigenous or autochthonous religions of the African people. Religion serves as the structure around which all other activities, such as cultural, economic, political and social organizations are built. It is best distinguished as ATR. In their book, David Chidester, Chirevo Kwenda, Robert Petty, Judy Tobler, and Darrel Wratten have attempted to show the influence of African Religion amongst the indigenous people of Africa when they say that, "The popular version of African traditional religion is what Africans (including some elites, though mostly the masses) do with no regard for what Westerners, or any one … Differences between African Traditional Religion and Christianity. Because religion is a way of life, it relates to culture and society as they affect the worldview of the African people. They present a worldview that has collectively sustained, enriched, and given meaning to a continent and numerous other societies for centuries through its epistemology, metaphysics, history, and practices. Ancestors maintain a spiritual connection with their living relatives and generally most of them are good and kind. In order to understand the people of Africa fully, an in-depth study of … And we agree with Professor Idowu that the purpose of the study should be: European Christian missionaries from 16th century onwards see African religions as demonic, primitive, evil & stupid • 2. African Traditional Religion is now widely taught in African universities, but its identity remains essentially negative: African belief that is not Christianity or Islam. For instance, the Yoruba religion has historically been centered in southwestern Nigeria, the Zulu religion in southern Africa, and the Igbo religion in southeastern Nigeria. Read: Religious fundamentalism and the erasure of African cultures, religions and traditions. Over the years, African traditional institutions have thrived on religion. ADVERT SPACE ! Thus, the importance of traditional marriage in Africa cannot be overemphasized. 3. The African tradition entails the world view that has collectively sustained, enriched and given meaning to a continent and numerous other societies for centuries through it are epistemology. Africa’s a very large and diverse continent; it’s even larger than North America or Australia. The essence of indigenous African religions and the reason for its accommodating nature is that it does not maintain to uniform doctrine therefore its spiritual beliefs are not bound by a written text or code. Even life in the hereafter is conceived in materialistic and physical terms. They play … A traditional African practitioner would have no need to ascribe to any one “religion” in that there would no conflict in his mind between his traditional African spirituality and another faith for they would not be mutually exclusive. ditional religion or African traditional religions (Mbiti 1969, 1–2; Idowu 1973, 103; Booth 1977, 3; Ikenga-Metu 1987, 19; Alolo 2007; Ejizu n.d). Generally, these traditions are oral rather than scriptural, include belief in a supreme creator, belief in spirits, veneration of the dead, use of magic, and traditional medicine. This belief, just as in the case of the previous one, has a theological basis – the plurality of divinities ( polytheism ). To live here and now is the most important concern of African religious activities and beliefs. 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