Nuclear transmutation is the conversion of one chemical element or an isotope into another.. A transmutation can be achieved either by nuclear reactions (in which an outside particle reacts with a nucleus) or by radioactive decay (where no outside particle is needed). Artificial Transmutation- A change in the number of protons caused by another entity. This transmutation process … Plutonium­239 can also be used. Transmutation, conversion of one chemical element into another. The two general kinds of nuclear reactions are nuclear decay reactions and nuclear transmutation reactions.In a nuclear decay reaction, also called radioactive decay, an unstable nucleus emits radiation and is transformed into the nucleus of one or more other elements.The resulting daughter nuclei have a lower mass and are lower in energy (more stable) than the parent nucleus that decayed. In physics, nuclear transmutation is the conversion of one chemical element or an isotope into another. Transmutation or nuclear transmutation is a process that involves a change in the nucleus of an atom.When the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom changes, the identity of that atom changes as it is turned into another element or isotope. In alpha decay, an atom will produce an alpha particle. The most significant nuclear reactions, which lead to property changes, are those leading to the formation of helium and hydrogen. Nuclear fission reactions produce incredibly large amounts of energy compared to chemical reactions. A transmutation entails a change in the structure of atomic nuclei and hence may be induced by a nuclear reaction (q.v. Give an example each for nuclear transmutation reactions of the type (alpha,gamma), (alpha, proton), (proton –gamma), (proton,gamma), (Proton,alpha). Nuclear Transmutation. Writing Alpha Decay Expression . To the alchemists of old, this meant the conversion of one physical substance into another, particularly base metals such as lead into valuable silver and gold. In nuclear engineering, also nuclear reactors cause artificial transmutation by exposing elements to neutrons produced by fission. The rate of nuclear transmutation is higher in a fusion reactor, as compared to a fission reactor, because many of the reactions require a threshold energy level. Transmutation is the act of changing a substance, tangible or intangible, from one form or state into another. ... (number of protons) changes, so does the name of the element. When you write a nuclear equation, mass must be conserved. ), such as neutron capture, or occur spontaneously by radioactive decay, such as alpha decay and beta decay (qq.v. Nuclear transmutation is the conversion of one chemical element or isotope into another. 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